Recently, the Ministry of public security data showed that, by the end of last year, 10 million 35 thousand newborn babies who had registered residence in 2020 had a significant decrease of 15% compared with 11 million 790 thousand in 2019.
According to the population data recently released by some cities, the birth rate in many places fell sharply last year, basically more than 10%, and even more than 30% in some places. The decline of China’s birth rate has become more and more serious.
In 2016, China fully liberalized the two-child policy, and the birth population and birth rate rebounded briefly that year. The birth population reached 17.86 million, an increase of 8% over 2015, but this was only a flash in the pan. Since 2017, China’s birth population has entered a downward trend again. In 2019, the birth population fell to 14.56 million, and the birth rate reached a new low since 1949.
An important reason for the decline in China’s fertility rate is that it can’t afford to have children. Many young people are already under great pressure to support themselves. Buying and renting houses have hollowed out most of their income. In the face of huge living expenses, many young people live by borrowing. In this state of life, having children is something many young people dare not think about. Even for some middle-class families with higher income, the cost of raising children is a very large expense. Raising children means that the quality of family life will decline significantly.
Raising children requires not only the cost of money, but also the support provided by the whole society for raising children is obviously not enough. Especially for many double working families, a very practical problem is, who will help take care of children before they can be sent to kindergarten? In many developed countries, child care institutions at the age of 0-3 are very common. Double working families can easily put their children in these institutions, and then both go to work. However, in China, there are almost no child care institutions at the age of 0-3. For many double working families, it is almost impossible to raise children independently without the help of their parents. Just this factor is enough to make many double working families give up the idea of childbirth.
In the final analysis, it costs a lot of money and time to have children, but the reality does not allow parents to do so. If they fail to repay the mortgage in time, it will affect their credit. Spending on kindergartens, going to college, and even buying a house when children get married are a huge burden on parents. That’s why Chinese people don’t want to have children.