Introduction of Chinese Ethnic Groups
China is a unitary multi-national country. Through the long process of historical development, the Chinese people consisting of many different ethnic groups have together opened up the vast territory of China, created an outstanding culture, and helped shape the current form of the Chinese nation.
中国有 56 个民族，由于地理环境和生活条件的不同，每个民族都形成了自己特有的风俗习惯和优秀的文化传统。
There are 56 ethnic groups in China. Due to different geographical environments and living conditions, each ethnic group has formed its own unique customs and excellent cultural traditions.
The Han people are spread throughout all provinces and cities in the mainland, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao, accounting for about 90% of the total population of the country. The Han culture is the main body of Chinese culture. For thousands of years, many iconic figures of the Han ethnic group have emerged in the fields of politics, military affairs, philosophy, economy, natural science, history, literature, art and so on, making outstanding contributions to the progress and development of the Chinese nation.
All minority ethnic groups, except for the Hui and the Manchu, which usually speak Chinese, have their own languages, some of which have their own written languages. Most of them have charming customs, unique musical instruments, beautiful national songs and dances, rich myths and poetry, and longstanding legends.
“五十六个民族五十六朵花，五十六个兄弟姐妹是一家”。中华各民族的文化既具 有多元区域性的特点，又呈现出很强的统一性。这种多元一体化，正是中国这个统一的 多民族国家赖以生存和发展的重要基础，也是中华民族的突出特点之一。
The ethnic groups of China show unity in diversity. Such unity in diversity is an important basis for the survival and development of China as a unitary multi-national country, and it is also one of the outstanding characteristics of the Chinese nation